This machine takes care of container such as bottles or cans.
We mainly deal with automatic used filling machines and semi-automatic machines.
On the market there are various models of used filling equipment that change mainly according to the type of product that is bottled.
For example, fill sparkling wine is different than one than only still products, then will need different equipment.
In addition, based on the production speed of the automatic bottle filling machine, there are linear or rotary fillers; which differ in the number of bottles that are produced hourly; or in the space they occupy or even the cost, etc.
Filling machine: what it does in practice
A filling machine is not simply a “filling machine”.
During the process it must absolutely not modify the physical organoleptic properties of the product that is working such as water, wine, beer, milk and oil.
The used bottle filling machine for sale for this product have different system and rules.
The automatic filling machine must therefore have a system and components; that are consistent and respectful of all health and hygiene regulations required by current regulations.
During the entire phase, the automatic machine must avoid doing essentially these four things.
To give a stable rule, the time between filling and capping must be as short as possible; we speak of seconds, in which nothing must come into contact with the content.
The filling machine consists of a variable number of taps or nozzles; from which the product flows directly into the bottle container, brick etc
So we have different proposal for wine machine for sale; water bottle filling machine for sale, soda, milk, beer; used pet bottle filling machine for sale, juice filling machine machine for sale.
- Pollute the product
- Oxidize the product
- Alter the quantity of the product
- Alter the quality of the product
Filling machine: types and methods
Depending on the type of product that is being bottled, the filling process will differ.
Filling a wine bottle is done differently than a tea can or milk carton.
For this reason, the filling methods are divided into:
- Gravity or gravity fill – slight depression
- Vacuum or depression
- Isobaric or counterpressure
- Hot fill
The product flows into the bottle by the force of gravity through a valve which is activated when the bottle reaches the filling station. At the same time, the air in the bottle escapes through a vent tube. When the liquid reaches the lower end of the vent tube, the filling is interrupted because the air can no longer escape. Gravity filling is ideal for filling still wine or liqueur in glass bottles. After the pre-evacuation phase, the filling valve opens and the product to be filled can be directed into the container by means of a system that allows for gentle filling, that is, without causing turbulence in the product. During filling, the inert gas present in the container returns to the tank and when the product level in the container reaches the nozzle, filling stops and the valve closes.
Weight or gravity filling / light depression filling
In vaccum or depression filling, when the filling nozzle is inserted into the empty container, the bottle gets sealed and the air in the bottle is removed using a vacuum pump. The vacuum in the bottle then pulls liquid into the bottle until the product reaches the predetermined filling level. This system is suitable for wine and spirits since no aroma or alcohol content are lost.
In volumetric filling, the volume of the liquid is measured. One of the filling valves is equipped with a magnetic flow meter which measures the volume transferred to the container.
Electronics allows you to quantify the time required to fill the desired quantity of product. All the other filling valves are pneumatically managed on the basis of the time defined by the valve with the magnetic flow meter.
Vacuum or depression filling
An isobaric filling machine allows the processing of champagne, spumante, sparkling wines, still wines and carbonated drinks. With isobaric filling systems champagne, spumante and sparkling wines can be filled with optimized filling cycles to reduce downtime because there is no need for potential degassing in various stages of the production line. Still wines can be filled with overpressure, improving the quality of the filling and also reducing the system's energy consumption. Isobaric filling machine make it also possible to guarantee a zero increase of oxygen in the wine.
Hot filling is used for all those products that are not completely liquid e. g. tomato purée or fruit juices that have high quantities of organic substances, but also milk or cream.
In practice, all those products with an expiration date of one week to ten days utilize hot filling.
The process consists of filling the bottle at a temperature between 80 ° / 85 ° C, after which there is a nitrogen injection aimed at avoiding the implosion during cooling to room temperature. Many drinks need an aseptic container and the hot fill process has the advantage of using the heat of the product itself to make the container sterile.
Aseptic filling is a type of filling where the entire bottling process is carried out in a completely sterile, waterproof environment.
It allows you to bottle a commercially sterile beverage in a technically sterile food plant. The entire production takes place in a germ-free environment where the food and packaging is sterilized separately and combined under aseptic conditions. A sterile environment is essential for aseptic filling, which exists precisely for filling sensitive products that have no self-protective measures against the proliferation of microorganisms.
Isobaric or counter pressure filling
Fillers: what to pay attention to
The filler is the machine that requires the most attention given its nature and importance during the bottling process.
It must be sanitizable in its entirety with steel parts designed for food products and any spare parts that are in contact with food, whether they are rubber or metal. It is also very important to have a competent assistance service, with which you can schedule the maintenance to guarantee high standards in production and machine life for many years.
Filling machines that are part of a filling monoblock
A filler is a single machine that comes before the capping machine in the bottling line.
However, if a filling machine is assembled together with other machines in a single block, it is called a filling monoblock or filling triblock, depending on the variants, i. e. depending on which machines share this single block.
A filling monoblock usually starts with a filler and a capper which caps – closes – the bottles immediately after being filled.
There are various versions, with one or more capping systems or with a rinsing machine before the filling machine.
We can generally say that a filling monoblock takes care of three functions, all essential during the bottling process. Rinsing, filling, capping.
Why and how to purchase used filling machine
More and more companies are considering purchasing a used filling machine. Below you can find a list of our best tips and recommendations to help people like you, who deal with bottling. Buying a used filling machine can save you a lot of money. Financially speaking, new machines start to lose value immediately after purchase. With a used filling machine you can save several thousand of dollars. Already for this reason alone, it is certainly worth buying a used filling machine. On our website, you can find out about all the aesthetic and mechanical characteristics of the product you are interested in and we guarantee that you will spend much less on the purchase, compared to new filling machine. By purchasing a used filling machine, you can save between 35% to 60% off of the price you would pay for a new machine, so whether you want to buy a used filling machine to start a new operation or to change an existing one, it is worth taking a look at the used bottling market first. The choice to change models or update existing ones can depend on many factors. The reasons can be numerous. Maybe you have to start producing more than in the past. Or one of the machines has become inefficient, starts causing problems, stops or slowdowns. So much so that it is difficult to reach the daily production volume needed.
Pre-purchase research on used filling machine
First of all there are many advantages of buying used filling machine. However, there are important things to pay attention to during the purchasing process. While searching for – and eventually purchasing – filling machines, it is necessary to take some important preparatory steps. First of all, during the research it is essential to have clear ideas about your real needs. You need to have a specific idea of the machine and your requirements, looking for it in the appropriate section of the website.
Finally it is important to know the history of the used filling machine, if possible the working hours, if the machine has been overhauled and maintained regularly and if the maintenance has been carried out by specialized technicians. These are all factors that help in understanding which filling machine to buy.